Insolence or arrogance in attitude or tone; cheekiness; forwardness; an instance of this.
Mid 16th century; earliest use found in Wilfrid Holme (d. 1538), author. From (i) Middle French procacité and its etymon (ii) classical Latin procācitāt-, procācitās forwardness, impudence from procāc-, procāx forward, bold, impudent, frivolous + -itās.
To speak abusively or contemptuously of or to; to reproach; to vilify.
Mid 17th century; earliest use found in George Daniel (1616–1657), poet. From post-classical Latin opprobriat-, past participial stem of opprobriare to bring to disgrace, dishonour from classical Latin opprobrium.
At an angle of 90° to a given line, plane, or surface or to the ground.
Late Middle English (as an adverb meaning ‘at right angles’): via Old French from Latin perpendicularis, from perpendiculum ‘plumb line’, from per- ‘through’ + pendere ‘to hang’.