The tendency of a convicted criminal to reoffend.
1863, from French récidiviste, from récidiver “to fall back, relapse,” from Medieval Latin recidivare “to relapse into sin,” from Latin recidivus “falling back,” from recidere “fall back,” from re- “back, again” (see re-) + comb.
“The new court system has been successful in reducing recidivism.”
The last stage of life; old age.
Senectitude comes from the Medieval Latin noun senectitūdō meaning “old age,” which in turn comes from Classical Latin senectūs, a derivative of the noun senex meaning “old man.” Senectitude entered English in the late 1700s, more precisely, in 1796 in Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels